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Municipal Property Taxes

Taxation in Canada is shared between the federal government and the various provincial and territorial legislatures; in turn provincial legislatures authorize municipalities to levy certain types of tax, such as property tax. In exchange for these taxes, municipal governments provide many of our city-based services such as the provision of water, garbage collection, policing and fire protection, and snow removal on city streets.

There are different forms of wealth tax in Canada, among them property taxes. In Canada, municipal governments are funded largely by property taxes on residential, industrial and commercial properties. Two types of property taxes fund the municipalities: an annual tax levied as a percentage on the defined value of the property (the land plus buildings); and a land transfer tax which is levied on the sale price of properties (except in the provinces of Alberta, Saskatchewan and rural Nova Scotia) as part of the transaction of sale.

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